If you have a big home and you simply desire to heat with wood, you can think about constructing a Russian-style masonry solid wood stove.
A masonry heater, also known as a masonry stove or Russian hearth, is really a wood-fired heating system that is fired intermittently at high temperature to heat up the big quantity of thermal mass, which then radiates heat into the house. The heater has a circuitous route as a result of which the flue gasses move. From here, the heat is transferred into the stone, brick or any other masonry parts of the heater.
Primary advantages of masonry heating
From an environmental standpoint, masonry heaters burn fuel really rapidly at a higher temperature. This results in very complete combustion with small pollution produced. Except when 1st starting the fire, there should be no visible smoke.
From a overall performance and comfort standpoint, masonry heaters take a lengthy time to heat up, however they then continue radiating heat for an extended period of time, generally 18 to twenty-four hours. The outer surface of a masonry stove in no way gets as hot as a cast-iron or steel wood stove, however it retains its heat much longer. The surface region provides a large radiant surface, contributing to comfort.
Operation of the masonry heating units
As opposed to a wood stove, where you typically start a fire after which maintain it going for any extended time frame by adding fuel, using a masonry heater you operate it in batches, and the fuel is generally entirely burned from the time the following fire is started. This implies that you need to begin a lot of fires - which many people will discover less convenient.
Because the firebox may not be extremely large within a masonry heater and because a fast-burning, intense fire is preferred, the firewood is reduce and split differently. Often the length of acceptable firewood is less than with a wood stove (sometimes as short as 12 inches), and the optimal diameter of split wood is smaller sized - typically three to 5 inches.
Because the heat from a masonry heater will not warm up a space swiftly (it could take a number of hours for the outer surface to reach peak temperature and peak heat delivery), it isn’t as effective as a wood stove at rapidly taking the chill off. You should plan ahead. Also if it is going to be a sunny autumn day and you also possess a lot of south-facing windows, starting the masonry heater in the morning might result in a period of overheating later in the day when the sun peaks.
Some masonry heaters include bake ovens or warming places built in to the modules, providing a good feature for all those interested in wood-fired baking. Some also contain benches for seating.
Masonry heaters are typically custom-built, and such units can satisfy a wide array of style wants and unique needs. Simply because they are large and heavy, provision should be produced for such units - like a concrete slab or concrete bearing walls beneath the heater. The Masonry Heater Association of North America is an excellent resource on masonry heaters and includes a directory of masonry heater builders.
You can find also some companies of modular masonry heaters that can be assembled fairly simply. The best-known manufacturer may be the Finnish organization Tulikivi. Tulikivi heaters are produced from soapstone or ceramic and are available inside a wide range of types, each with or without baking ovens. If a residence has the room or space for it, a masonry heating unit is generally the best method to heat with wood. In new construction, specifically in rural locations, it is undoubtedly worth looking into.